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Vatican City State

One of the most interesting, mysterious and at the same time the tiniest places on earth is the Vatican city-state.

A dwarf enclave within Rome, associated with Italy. The status of the Vatican in international law is an auxiliary sovereign territory of the Holy See, the residence of the highest spiritual leadership of the Roman Catholic Church. Like Rome, the Vatican is geographically located in the Lazio region, it is the west of the central part of the Apennine Peninsula. It is 20 km from the coast of the Tyrrhenian Sea, several hundred meters from the right bank of the Tiber.

The capital of the Vatican is the Vatican itself. Everything is arranged here, on the one hand it is incredibly simple and on the other hand, everything is very complicated. The resident population of the Vatican is predominantly male, although two orders of nuns reside in the Vatican. The minority is the senior Catholic clergy; the remainder are members of religious orders. Many workers and staff at the Vatican Embassy live outside its walls. One hundred percent of the population of this small country are Catholics.

The main currency of the Vatican is Euro

It is unlikely that we were given to find out what is happening in its most inaccessible corners, but tourists are allowed to see the lion’s share of sights on this sacred land. Area: 0.44 km²

CLIMATE AND WEATHER
The Vatican has the same weather as the city of Rome and is characterized by warm and dry summers and mild winters. Autumn can be very enjoyable. The warmest are July and August, while January is the coldest. Winter can be cold, but temperatures rarely drop below zero. During the summer, the Vatican can often be very hot with temperatures in excess of + 35 ° C, while in winter the average temperature is around + 13 ° C (in December). Heavy rain can be expected at any time of the year, although snow rarely falls. The average temperature in March and April is in the range from +15 to 18C. The temperatures in the Vatican differ from those on the Italian coast, such as during the winter, in the Vatican, slightly lower than on the coast. Close Apennine also affects the climate. The spring and fall months are very pleasant in the Vatican, and then the temperature is moderate, in contrast to the summer heat. The most favorable time for visiting the country is from April to June and from September to November.

HOW TO GET THERE
To Rome. From Russia to the Eternal City, it is best to travel by plane. Russian and Italian air carriers make direct flights here from Moscow, St. Petersburg, and Yekaterinburg. From other Russian cities, Rome can be reached by connecting in Moscow or European cities by airplanes of Russian and European airlines. By train from Moscow to Rome, Termini Station and other railway stations can only be reached with transfers.

From Rome. By metro – line A, in the direction of Battistini – Battistini to the stop Cipro-Musei Vaticani or Ottaviano-S. Pietro. About 10 minutes from both stops to the Vatican

By bus – routes number 32, 81 and 982 to Risorgimento Square – Piazza del Risorgimento, from which it takes five minutes to reach the Vatican

On tram line number 19, this is the longest line, starting from Piazza Gerani – Gerani, crossing the whole of Rome and ending at Piazza del Risorgimento.

By metro – line A, in the direction of Battistini – Battistini to the stop Cipro-Musei Vaticani or Ottaviano-S. Pietro. About 10 minutes from both stops to the Vatican

By bus – routes number 32, 81 and 982 to Risorgimento Square – Piazza del Risorgimento, from which it takes five minutes to reach the Vatican

On tram line number 19, this is the longest line, starting from Piazza Gerani – Gerani, crossing the whole of Rome and ending at Piazza del Risorgimento.

ATTRACTIONS
The Vatican has world-famous masterpieces of architecture – St. Peter’s Basilica with interior decoration, Vatican museums, including the Sistine Chapel and others, as well as the famous Vatican Library. Vatican Gardens. Rafael Stanzas. St. Peter’s Square. In addition to St. Peter’s Basilica – of course, there are other interesting sights in the Vatican. For example, the world-famous Sistine Chapel is another great building among the Vatican heritage.

The Vatican Apostolic Library is also open for tourists – albeit a small part of it. Founded in the 15th century, the library stores many ancient books, manuscripts, maps, and even medals .. Apostolic Palace

Vatican Pinacotheca. Capella Niccolina

Necropolis of the Vatican. Borgia Apartments

Monastery Mater Ecclesiae. Capella Paolin. Santa Maria della Pieta in Camposanto dei Teutonici

Ethnological Missionary Museum

Collection of modern religious art

St. Peter’s Basilica

Gregorian Museum of Secular Art

Church of St. Stephen

Gregorian Egyptian Museum.

It is worth noting that tourists in short shorts, trousers and so on are not allowed into the Vatican even in the heat – visitors who are too naked may not be allowed to enter the sacred land. Do not forget about this when planning your visit!

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