Sights of Portugal
Portugal is the westernmost state in continental Eurasia. Located in the southwestern part of the Iberian Peninsula. On land, it borders only with Spain. Portugal is also governed by the Azores and Madeira, which occupy an important strategic position in the west of the Strait of Gibraltar. The largest and most important city in Portugal is Lisbon (2.1 million inhabitants with suburbs, 1996). It is the capital and main port of the country. Porto is the main city of the North, the second most populous country in the country (302.5 thousand in 1991; about 1.2 million people in the entire agglomeration). Porto, located on the right bank of the Douro River, the former capital of Portugal and the country’s largest port, is famous for its port. On the opposite bank of the Douro River is the city of Vila Nova di Gaya (31.5 thousand inhabitants in 1991), where many wine company warehouses are concentrated. To the north of Porto is its suburb, Matosinhos (29.8 thousand), a center for fishing and preserving sardines. The main city of central Portugal, Coimbra (118.9 thousand) is known for its university, founded in 1290. It is also a trade and transport center. Braga (102.7 thousand) – the residence of the Roman Catholic primacy of Portugal, there are small factories and artisan workshops. Setubal (85.3 thousand) is the center of the fish processing industry, fruit processing and car assembly. Portugal is a country with a distinctive culture, amazing nature, unique architecture, pleasant climate, cuisine and rich history.
The culture of Portugal is rich in ancient traditions and rituals. For example, the musical genre is fado. Fado can only be found in Portugal. Fadu is distinguished by the fact that songs and music are heart-breaking and sad. The Portuguese bullfight is called a “torada” – more humane than the Spanish .. After the end of the “hunt” for the bull, he is taken to veterinarians who urgently stop bleeding and heal wounds .. Portugal is a country of fairs, festivals and festivities. The most grandiose holiday is St. Anthony’s Day, celebrated on June 13 of each year in Lisbon. St. Anthony was a Franciscan monk. He is considered the patron saint of sailors and poor people. On the night of June 12-13, Lisbon turns into one big fair. If you will be in Portugal in August, be sure to visit the village of Santa Maria da Feira. A knightly tournament takes place in this village every year, during which knights in heavy armor and swords fight each other. Portuguese culture has a rich literary heritage – the works of poets, playwrights and novelists who have received recognition and fame not only in Portugal but throughout the world. Portuguese literary traditions are associated with ballads, songs and epics of the early Middle Ages, chronicles of Fernand Lopez and plays by Gil Vicente, father of the XVI century Portuguese theater, an outstanding figure of the Renaissance on the Iberian Peninsula. The world famous epic poem “Lusiada” by Luis de Camoes is included in the treasury of European literature. 19th-century novels by Esa di Keirosha, early 20th century poetry by Fernando Pessoa, contemporary artists such as Paula Regu, famous architect Alvara Siza Vieira and contemporary writers – Jose Saramagu (Nobel Prize for Literature in 1998), Antonio Lobu Antunis, as well as Jose Cardoza Pires contributed to the international fame of Portuguese culture and art. In September and October, Lisbon hosts the Gay and Lesbian Film Festival, which hosts screenings of “radical” and ordinary films. Also at this time in the capital is the Lisbon International Organ Music Festival. Well, in Viseu in August-September you can visit Feira de São Mateus, a local fair selling agricultural and livestock products, viticulture and crafts, as well as fairs complemented by a traditional dance festival and music events.
Traditional cuisine: fish, shrimp, shellfish, spicy meat dishes – all this you can try while traveling. Sweet foods are in high demand in Europe; they are usually made from eggs, oranges, almonds and fried fruits. Gourmets will surely appreciate the delicious home-made cuisine, which consists of fresh vegetables, fruits and seafood. As a result of the great geographical discoveries, Portuguese cuisine was enriched with new products, as well as spices. It was the Portuguese sailors who brought potatoes, tomatoes and tea to Europe. However, Portuguese cuisine was also greatly influenced by the Romans and the Moors.
Fresh fish and shellfish are on the menu of every regional Portuguese cuisine. The traditional national Portuguese dish is bacalhau bacalhau (salted or dried cod), originally from Norway .. The Portuguese claim that there are 365 ways to make dried cod.
Other traditional Portuguese dishes include caldeirada (stewed fish or stewed squid), cozido à Portuguesa (stewed vegetables with meat), tripeiros (pork sausages), tripeiros (meat dish), soup caldo verde “(with potatoes, cabbage and sausage)