Peru is a distant South American country with a rich history, unique architecture and extraordinary natural diversity. She is the owner of one of the new seven wonders of the world – the mysterious city of Machu Picchu and is justly proud of the rich heritage of the Inca empire. This motley country full of contrasts attracts tourists not only with its rich archaeological heritage, but also with authentic colonial architecture, exquisite gastronomy, as well as unspoiled nature in the mountains and jungle. Located in the Andes, on the west coast of South America, the country borders in the northwest with Ecuador, in the north with Colombia, in the east with Brazil, in the southeast with Bolivia and Chile. In the west, its coastline is washed by the waters of the Pacific Ocean. Peru is considered one of the largest countries in South America in terms of area; in this indicator, it ranks third after Brazil and Argentina. Its area is very impressive and amounts to 1,285,216 km².
CLIMATE AND WEATHER
The climate in Peru is very diverse. On the coastal plain, the average temperature throughout the year remains at about +20 degrees, but the amount of precipitation is very small: less than 51 mm per year. Although the precipitation is insignificant, it often falls in the form of a very unpleasant tiniest drizzle called Garua. This phenomenon is especially characteristic of Lima, which greatly complicates the life of the capital. For visiting Lima and the central coastal areas, the best period is considered the time from December to March Sierra has a continental climate and the temperature varies from -7 degrees in winter to +21 degrees in summer. In this region, the rainy season is from October to April. The Montaka region is very hot and humid. The average annual rainfall reaches 3,810 mm. The rainy season lasts from November to April. On Altiplano (Huancayo, Cuzco), temperatures are pleasant throughout the year around noon. Morning and evening in the area are cold, especially in winter, which is considered the best season for traveling here – rains are rare, and mostly sunny weather. But on the shores of Lake Titicaca the wind often blows, and it happens that it charges a cold, shallow, dank rain. It should be noted that in Machu Picchu (the main ancient attraction of Peru) is always warmer than in Cuzco due to the fact that this place is located 1000 meters lower. True, it often rains there, as on the other eastern slopes of the Andes. At an altitude of 3000 meters above sea level, a period of acclimatization is required to avoid mountain sickness “shorter.”
In the Amazonian forests (Iquitos) it rains year-round. July and August are less rainy months than the rest. A little more sun, a little less humidity, a little less stuffiness. So the choice of the month to visit the Amazon does not really matter
In alpine regions, at an altitude of up to 3500 meters above sea level, winter temperatures (from June to September) are on average from + 4 to 6 ° C, in summer to + 16–17 ° C, in valleys up to + 24 ° C. Higher begins the “pune” zone with a pronounced mountain climate and low minus temperatures in winter and low plus temperatures in summer. These areas are characterized by a strong rarefaction of air and sharp daily temperature fluctuations (during the day it can reach + 22–28 ° C, at night – up to -12 ° C). The peaks of the mountains are covered with snow and glaciers year-round. So, when traveling to the main tourist Mecca of the country of Cuzco and Machu Picchu, it should be borne in mind that in January – February it usually rains heavily and often erodes the roads, which naturally can complicate access to attractions. Therefore, January – February is not the best time of the year to travel to Machu Picchu. Since the end of March, the rainy season here ends and quite comfortable weather is established, with moderate temperatures. From April to September, a cold but dry period lasts in this zone, most favorable for active tourism.
Hiking in archaeological zones and ancient Native American cities. The most popular among them is, of course, Machu Picchu. In addition, tourists can enjoy extreme entertainment in Peru: rafting on the Amazon, and hiking in the jungle, and many other interesting activities. For lovers of a relaxing holiday, hiking in restaurants and sightseeing tours in major cities of the country are suitable.
The culture of Peru is a fusion of cultures of pre-Columbian civilizations, the Incan empire, and Spanish colonial traditions. The most famous ancient civilization that left a strong imprint on the culture of Peru is the Inca Empire, dating back to about 1200. The Incas owned the art of stone processing, weaving, the creation of engineering structures, built roads, had ideas about medicine and astronomy, built artificial terraces for agricultural crops and created magnificent works of art from gold and silver.
The legacy of the Indian peoples was reflected not only in the architectural monuments of the Métis style, but also in folk art, art, music and literature.