Ireland, Republic of Ireland – a state in Western Europe that occupies most of the island of Ireland. From the south, west and north, the country is washed by the Atlantic Ocean, and in the east it is separated from about. Great Britain by the St George’s Strait, the Irish Sea and the North Strait. This country has a land border only with Northern Ireland, which is part of the UK. The island of Ireland is washed on all sides by the Atlantic Ocean (the Celtic Sea in the south, the St. George Canal in the southeast and the Irish Sea in the east). The total area of this country is 70,273 square meters. km The highest peak of Ireland is Mount Carantville, whose height reaches 1041 m .. The name of the country comes from Earl. Éire. A diverse landscape – sandy beaches, steep mountains, dense forests, deep lakes and everywhere the distance from the sea to be no more than 110 km .. The capital is the city of Dublin, in which approx. 1.4 million people Member of organizations: UN (since 1955), Council of Europe (since 1949), OECD (since 1960), EU (since 1973), Euratom (since 1973), European Monetary System (since 1979).
The population of Ireland is mainly of Celtic origin. According to the 2006 general census !! years it is 4.24 million people. National minorities make up 420 thousand, that is 10 percent. 275.8 thousand – immigrants from EU countries (Poland, Latvia, Lithuania, Romania), the rest from Russia, China, Ukraine, Pakistan, the Philippines, Nigeria. Population (people) – 3 917 336.
CLIMATE AND WEATHER
The climate of Ireland is temperate marine. A warm North Atlantic current passes near the western coast of the island, which, together with the southwest winds from the Atlantic Ocean, brings warm and moist air masses.
Winters are quite mild and summers are cool. The warmest month of the year is July, with an average air temperature of 18-20 degrees. The coldest month is January, the temperatures of which drop to 7-9 degrees. Snowfall in Ireland is a rarity, but it rains quite often at any time of the year. The longest rains occur in the most beautiful places in the country, for example, in the Kerry region, where there are about 270 rainy days a year. If rain has caught you on the road, the only consolation may be a popular saying: “Only there is no rain in the pub.” Numerous rainfall is the reason that it is the greenest island in the world. More than fifty shades of green gave this name to Ireland. Wonderful landscapes are striking in their contrast – soft shades, mountain peaks and suddenly overlook the ocean. Along the west coast, in the dunes, there are unusual colors of ravens – nests – with bright red legs and a beak.
The island of Ireland consists of the Republic of Ireland and the province of Northern Ireland, which is part of the state of Great Britain. It should be borne in mind that in order to travel through the territory of Great Britain or directly to Northern Ireland, for example, to the cities of Belfast and Derry, it is necessary to obtain a British visa, and to enter the territory of the Republic of Ireland, that is, to all Irish airports, including Dublin, Shannon, Cork , an Irish visa is required.
Ireland is called the “Emerald Isle” because trees and plants there are green almost all year round. However, tourists in Ireland will be interested not only in nature, but also in numerous medieval castles, Glenwa, Killarney, Connemara National Parks, Inishky Reserves, Loch Ohter, North Bull Island, Rogerstown, Wexford.
In the capital there are castles: Dreamnag, Dublin (XIII century), Belvedere palace (XVIII century), town hall (1769), customs (1781-1791), the building of the Four Courts (1786-1800), worldwide famous Guinness brewery, Martello tower, Christchurch gothic cathedral (1038-1225), St. Patrick’s cathedral (1190-1362), National museum, Civic museum, National gallery, Municipal gallery of modern art, zoo, botanical garden, huge phoenix park etc.
In Klonferth – the cathedral (1166).
Ross Castle in County Kerry. Dunagor Castle in County Clare
Glendalough Monastery. Castle Cough (St. Patrick’s Rock)
Bunratti Castle: Ancient Newgrange Religious Building
Trinity College Library Dublin
Bellicarbury Castle in County Kerry
The Republic of Ireland entered the twenty of the happiest countries in the world. Entertainment: cliff jumping and diving, surfing, dancing, horse racing in Galway. Irish songs are indispensable participants in many fun holidays and parties, even far beyond the green island. Most of the great Irish songs are stories of love, Irish land, loss and hope. Christmas in Ireland is a day off for the whole country. On Catholic Christmas (evening of December 24 and all day of December 25), all of Ireland takes a day off. At this time, closed restaurants, cafes, bars, nightclubs, government departments, 99% of shops and private enterprises. One of the Christmas activities for Irish children is to ride on the Santa Claus steam train.