Official name: Federal Republic of Germany. Area of the country: 357 thousand square meters. km
Borders: In the north, it borders with Denmark, in the east – with Poland and the Czech Republic, in the south – with Austria and Switzerland, in the west – with France, Luxembourg, Belgium and the Netherlands. In the north it is washed by the North and Baltic seas.
The main rivers: The main river is the Rhine, among the numerous tributaries of which are Main, Ruhr, Moselle, Neckar, and Lahn. Two other rivers are the Danube in the south of the country and the Elbe with a tributary of the Neisse in the eastern part of Germany. Among the lakes, the largest is Lake Constance, partially located in Austria and Switzerland. Germany consists of 16 federal states, and perhaps it is best to choose 2-3 cities from each district to visit in order to appreciate the diversity and charm of German land.
CLIMATE AND WEATHER
Germany has a temperate maritime climate. The climate in the center of the country is more continental than in the north – the winters are colder and the summers are warmer. Snow lasts the longest in the mountains – over 100 days in the Alps and on the peaks of the Black Forest.
The average January temperature in the plains from -4 ° C to -2 ° C, in the Alps – to -5 ° C, July in the plains from 16 ° C to 20 ° C, in the highlands up to 14 ° C. In summer, temperatures rise southward, and the highest rates are observed on the Upper Rhine Lowland. The average July temperature there is 19 ° C, and the average July temperature in Berlin is 18.5 ° C
Weather. On the plains in January, the temperature does not drop below -4 ° C, but in the Alps – below -5 ° C. July is characterized by + 16-20 ° C on the plains and in the mountains – +14 ° C. But Germany’s winter temperature climatic maximum can still rise sufficiently with the anticyclone “hanging” over the whole of Europe to -12 ° C. And in summer, the farther south, the warmer, respectively. The coastal and mountainous areas of Germany are very often immersed in a foggy cloud. Summer in Germany – during which, although often there may be warm temperatures, with maximum marks varying on average from 18/21 ° C in the northern coast, to 22/25 ° C in the rest of the country – is not very sunny, because days when Atlantic weather predominates, with cold air and rain, alternate with days that begin with a clear sky, and when it can be hot, but later on such days thunderstorms often arise.
Heidelberg Castle. – The romantic ruins of an old castle in Heidelberg are a world famous landmark.
The fairytale Neuschwanstein castle rises above the surrounding lands, and the nearby lakes (Alpine and Swan) give even more picturesque to this landscape. The look of this castle is familiar even to a child, because it is like a living embodiment of the emblem of Disney cartoons. In general, in those days when Disney could not decide on the prototype of the castle for his animated films, he turned his attention to Neuschwanstein Castle, having seen which he decided to make it a symbol of his studio.
Cologne Cathedral. The construction of the cathedral lasted for 8 centuries, but now our ancestors, and we, and even our grandchildren will be able to admire unsurpassed beauty.
Hamburg port. Today, the Hamburg port is truly a fantastic sight. The total territory of the port covers almost 74 km², the total length of its mooring line is 275 km. There are 3 hundred moorings for sea and ocean ships.
Hercules in Kassel. In Kassel there is a rather famous landmark, namely the statue of Hercules, which has been considered a symbol of this city for 300 years. The Hercules Monument is crowned by a castle located at the very top of the hill.
Oktoberfest is a world famous folk festival. Each year, about 6 million people come to Munich for the largest folk festival, or as it is also called, a beer festival. This event was even included in the Guinness Book of Records as the most popular folk festival.
Black Forest – Beautiful Black Forest with its dark wooded hills – one of the most visited natural areas in Europe.
Rhine Valley .. Rhine is the most important and most beautiful waterway in Europe. With a total length of 1,320 kilometers, this magnificent river extends from Switzerland to Germany and the Netherlands.
Zugspitze – Part of the Wetterstein mountain range, the Zugspitze mountain range is located directly on the German border with Austria and is surrounded by valleys. The eastern peak of 2,962 meters is crowned with a gilded cross and can be reached by funicular.
Königssee Royal Lake – This beautiful Bavarian lake is one of Germany’s main natural attractions. Royal Lake is located near Stuttgart and is considered a real paradise for tourists.
Rothenburg ob der Tauber Old Town Rothenburg is one of the most attractive sights on the German Romantic Road (a popular tourist route).
The Sanssouci-Spectacular Sanssouci complex was built between 1744 and 1756. He is considered the most famous example of the Potsdam Rococo.