Great Britain or the United Kingdom (full official form is the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland) is an island nation in northwestern Europe. One of the largest states in Europe, a nuclear power, a permanent member of the UN Security Council. Heir to the British Empire, the largest in history, and that existed in the XIX – early XX centuries.
Great Britain is a unitary state (although three of the four historical provinces (except England) have a significant degree of autonomy) with a parliamentary monarchy. Queen Elizabeth II is the head of state of the United Kingdom and another fifteen independent Commonwealth countries.
The state consists of four “historical provinces” (in English – “countries”, that is, “countries”): England, Scotland, Wales and Northern Ireland. The capital is the city of London, one of the largest cities in Europe and the most important world financial and economic center. Residents of Great Britain are considered a mixture of various ethnic groups (Anglo-Saxons, Celts, Romans, Vikings and Normans. There are many common ancestors with the Basques and Germans.
Currency – pound sterling (GBP), equal to 100 pence. Scotland – a pound equal to 100 pence. Guernsey Island has its own currency – Alderney pound (Guernsey pound, GBP), equal to 100 pence.
CLIMATE AND WEATHER
The UK has a temperate ocean climate with a large number of rains throughout the year. Temperatures vary with the season, but rarely fall below −12 ° C or rise above 35 ° C. The main winds come from the southwest and often bring cold and wet weather from the Atlantic Ocean, however, the eastern parts of the country are mostly protected from these winds, and since most of the precipitation falls in the western regions, the eastern ones are the driest. The western highlands of Scotland are the wettest. About 3 thousand mm of precipitation falls here annually. And sometimes it rains for more than six months – 240 days. The warmest months in Wales are July. The driest time is from March to June, but everywhere the average rainfall for any month exceeds 30 mm. Great Britain is one of those climatic zones where weather forecasts almost never coincide with the weather. The most common porgnosis is considered variable cloudiness and the possibility of precipitation. Therefore, going to the UK, in spite of the forecasts, take warm clothes and an umbrella with you. In winter, the temperature rarely drops below zero, in summer it is mostly warm, although it often rains. The climate of London is mild and moderate throughout the year. The best time to visit the UK is from April to September, when it is warm, not much rain and most attractions open. In July and August, peak attendance sets in – about 1.5 million tourists come to the country, so it’s better not to plan a trip these months.
The best time to visit Scotland is from May to September. Depending on the weather, Scotland can also be visited in April and October, but many attractions are closed in October.
The best time to visit London is from the beginning of May to the end of June: at this time the city has a royal court, annual cultural events, art exhibitions are organized, this is also the peak of the theater season.
There are a lot of them, as well as entertainment. Here are just a few of them: Big Ben, Tower Bridge, London Eye, Trafalgar Square, Tower of London. Piccadilly Circus, Buckingham Palace. Oxford Street. British Museum Heathrow Airport. National Gallery. Skyscraper Mary Ex. St James’s Park London. Westminster Cathedral. Chinatown. Thames. Kensington Gardens Park. Regent Street Bronze Lions. Zero Meridian in London. Ship Museum Belfast. Edinburgh castle. The town of Windsor.
A bunch of!! All can not be counted. Some of them are: Amusement park and Dreyton Manor Zoo. Amusement Park Elton Towers. Amusement park Nickelodeon Land. Great amusement park Krilli. Adventure World “This is one of the largest amusement parks for the whole family.
“The London Bridge Experience horror ride can be translated as the London Bridge Experience.” Knowsley Safari Park
Automobile Museum in London – a collection of classic, original and modified cars of the 50s, 60s, 70s and 80s “Dinosaur Museum in Dorchester.
The Whipsneyd Zoo is the largest zoo in the UK,
Chester Zoo – One of the main activities of the zoo is the conservation of endangered and rare species. London Zoo. Longleat Safari Park.
Sherlock Holmes Museum
Thorpe Park – in Surrey, near London.
“Regent’s Park in translation means Regent’s Park.
Heligan Botanic Gardens, Cornwall County; Royal Kew Botanical Gardens
The London Aquarium, not far from the London Eye, in the County Hall building.
The London Planetarium is currently part of Madame Tussauds.