Chile – (Spanish Chile, the official name is the Republic of Chile (Spanish República de Chile [reˈpuβlika ðe ˈʧile])) – a state in southwestern South America, occupying a long narrow strip of land between the Pacific Ocean and the Andes.
In the west it is washed by the Pacific Ocean, in the east it borders with Argentina, in the north with Peru, in the northeast with Bolivia.
Chile has a coastline of 6435 km in length and has exclusive rights to the adjacent sea area called the Chilean Sea, which includes four areas: [territorial waters (120 827 km2), contiguous zone (131 669 km2), exclusive economic zone (3 681 989 km2), and the corresponding continental shelf (161 338 km2).
CLIMATE AND WEATHER
Chile has access to both the Pacific and the Atlantic Ocean. Chile has a length of 4630 km (2880 miles) from north to south and 430 km (265 miles) from west to east.
Chile’s climate ranges from tropical desert in the north to temperate ocean in the south.
in the south from +3 ° С to +16 ° С
in the north from +12 ° С to +22 ° С
Easter Island is a visiting card not only of Chile, but of the whole of South America. Seeing the mystical statues of Moai with your own eyes is really worth it. Their origin is still unknown, as well as the reason for the disappearance of the indigenous population. All Moai are facing the crater of the volcano Rano Raraku – another attraction of the island.
Valle de la Luna
Valle de la Luna or Moon Valley is a place in Atacama that can be confused with the surface of the moon. It was there that a lot of “lunar” episodes of films were shot. It consists of 90% percent of salt and carbonates. There are many salt lakes in the Moon Valley that change color throughout the day. Once a year during the rainy season, the valley blooms, and red flowers sprout through the dry earth.
This is a monument built in honor of the peace treaty between Chile and Argentina. Countries fought a war for a long time. It stands on the border between the countries, on the slope of the Andes at an altitude of 3854 meters above sea level. The statue was installed in 1904. The statue was created by the sculptor Mateo Alonso. Now the Andean Christ is a symbol of prosperity and tranquility.
HILL SAN CRYSTOBAL
The mountain is located in the very center of Santiago. Not surprisingly, a picturesque view of the city and, of course, the mountains opens from its top. You can even see their snowy tops. On the mountain there is an amusement park, two outdoor pools and a small zoo. You can climb the mountain on foot or by funicular. San Cristobal Hill is one of the largest city parks in the world.
LAUKA NATIONAL PARK
Lauca Park is the fusion of many of Chile’s beauties. In addition to the steppes, it includes the foothills of the Cordillera. From its plains overlooks several volcanoes. Among them are twin volcanoes, Gualarite and Akotango. There is rich flora and fauna. On the territory of Lauka there is Lake Chungara. Near its emerald waters there are many historical monuments. You can put up a tent in the park and enjoy the beauty of nature.
CHILE ISLAND CHURCH
Chiloe Island is located in Patagonia. The distance from the mainland is only two kilometers. The Catholic churches were built by the Spaniards and are now listed as UNESCO World Heritage Sites. Their architecture is the fusion of several cultures, together with their traditions and worldview. Therefore, churches fit harmoniously into the natural environment.
The visiting card of the island is not architectural buildings at all. Everything is much more interesting. It is inhabited by 100 thousand penguins. You can easily observe them. The island itself is located in the middle of the Strait of Magellan. During the stay of penguins on land, a lot of tourists come to the island. There is a lighthouse on the island of Magdalena. It offers stunning views of the strait and the island itself.
BOTANICAL GARDEN VIGNA DEL MAR
Viña del Mar is a very popular resort town. In addition to beaches and the sea, he is no less famous for his botanical garden. The garden was opened in 1951. It contains rare and interesting plants and animals. The most unusual ones are a collection of cacti, plants from Easter Island, a collection of medicinal plants. It also presents the national symbol of the country – the laparegia flower.
VOLCANO OHOS DEL SALADO
It is not only the highest volcano in Chile, but also the proud king of all volcanoes in the world. Its height is 6891 meters. They conquered the volcano not so long ago – in 1937. On the slopes of the volcano, solidified lava is clearly visible. In ancient times, the Incas considered it sacred. And this is not surprising. With its size, Ojos del Salado will impress any traveler. In addition, the volcano is considered active.
SAN RAFAEL GLACIER
The San Rafael Glacier is considered the oldest in the world. Ice has an amazing color. He gives a blue, and in sunny weather and does glow from the inside. Tourists can also observe the formation of icebergs and get close to them.
In the middle of the driest desert in the world rises a huge 11-meter hand of man. This is a sculpture of the architect Mario Irarrasabal.