Canada occupies almost the entire northern half of mainland North America and the numerous islands adjoining to it, including the Canadian Arctic Archipelago in the north, Newfoundland in the east, Vancouver in the west. In the east, it is washed by the waters of the Atlantic, in the west – the Pacific, and in the north – the Arctic Ocean. Canada is located between the USA and Russia. Most of Canada is located in the same geographical latitudes as our country. The extreme south of Canada lies at the same latitude with Georgia, the islands of the Canadian Archipelago are located at a distance of 1000 km from the North Pole. The length of the country from north to south is 4600 km, from west to east – 5100 km. The territory of the country is 9974 thousand km2., Of which 755 thousand km2. (8%) falls on inland waters. In terms of territory, Canada is second only to Russia, and in terms of land it is also China.
CLIMATE AND WEATHER
Canada is located on the territory where the consequences of the Ice Age, as well as the internal forces of the Earth, have the greatest influence on the modern climate of the country. Some regions really remind prehistoric areas where, perhaps, ancient mammoths are not enough for an even more believable “picture” of the landscape.
The north of the country is poorly populated due to harsh climate conditions. The influence of the Arctic Ocean forms special weather there – cold and humid, there is almost always a minus. In the south, where a warm current “rules”, the temperature is positive throughout the year, and even in winter it does not drop below 5 degrees.
Almost 10 million square kilometers are “cut” by climatic zones, although a temperate climate prevails throughout the territory:
temperate continental – the center of Canada (maximum rainfall in summer; temperatures in winter up to -25 ° C, in summer up to + 26 ° C)
moderate sea – coasts (mild winters and cool summers: up to -10 ° C in winter at night, + 22 ° C maximum in summer; the largest amount of precipitation is in winter and autumn: on the Atlantic coast – 1300 mm, on the Pacific coast – 2000 mm /year)
Arctic type – on the islands of the Canadian Arctic archipelago (very cold in winter – up to -45 ° C, maximum in summer + 10 ° C, little rain)
subarctic – in the north of mainland Canada (basins of the Yukon and Mackenzie rivers; in winter up to -35 ° C, in summer up to + 20 ° C)
altitudinal zonation can be traced in the eastern Cordillera and Edmont
subtropical marine – southwest Canada, near Vancouver (in winter – always above zero degrees, many cages – up to 5000 mm / year)
In the capital of Canada, Ottawa, there is a rainy mild climate – many cages (up to 1000 mm per year), maximum -15 ° C in winter, and up to + 27 ° C in summer.
The sights of Canada are, first of all, amazingly beautiful nature, then architectural monuments, mostly modern, and finally, the cultures of indigenous tribes.
Vacationers on the slopes of Tremblant can go on an excursion to Montreal, Quebec, Toronto or Ottawa. And, of course, to Niagara Falls. Those who ski in British Columbia should go to Vancouver, Richmond and Steveston.
Canada is one of the rare countries where natural complexes are preserved in pristine condition and are at the same time practically “at hand” in modern cities.
For example, Banff, the country’s oldest national park, is one of Canada’s most popular tourist destinations, which is also a resort based on hot mineral springs. Jasper is famous for its landscapes, unique nature and numerous glacial lakes. Black and brown bears, deer, martens, and about two hundred species of birds live there. Also known: Mount Robson National Park, waterfalls on the Plis River, Wood Buffalo National Park – the habitat of bison. Waterton Lakes (Alberta), Glacier, and Clwain Parks are known for grizzly populations, and the Ouyuttik Nature Reserve on Baffin Island protects unique tundra communities. In St. Lawrence Bay, migratory herds of whales can be seen, and in the west, Pacific Rim National Park (Lake Vancouver) is inhabited by sea otters and eared seals. Glaciers and waterfalls can be admired in the parks “Kutney”, “Yoho
Waterpark World Waterpark (Edmonton). It was built in 1986. This is the world’s largest indoor water park, its territory is 20 hectares. It can simultaneously rest up to 40 thousand visitors. And a variety of entertainment is guaranteed. You can freely ride on slides and attractions, swim in the wave pool with an artificial tide, go to the oceanarium or relax in a cafe.
Entertainment park La Ronde (Montreal). It is Canada’s second largest amusement park. On its territory there are over 40 attractions, including the famous roller coaster and carousel. There is also a Nintendo video game center. La Ronde Park is closed in winter and opens its doors to visitors in May.