Portugal is the westernmost state in continental Eurasia. Located in the southwestern part of the Iberian Peninsula. On land, it borders only with Spain. Portugal is also governed by the Azores and Madeira, which occupy an important strategic position in the west of the Strait of Gibraltar. The largest and most important city in Portugal is Lisbon (2.1 million inhabitants with suburbs, 1996). It is the capital and main port of the country. Porto is the main city of the North, the second most populous country in the country (302.5 thousand in 1991; about 1.2 million people in the entire agglomeration). Porto, located on the right bank of the Douro River, the former capital of Portugal and the country’s largest port, is famous for its port. On the opposite bank of the Douro River is the city of Vila Nova di Gaya (31.5 thousand inhabitants in 1991), where many wine company warehouses are concentrated. Continue reading
Argentina occupies the southeastern part of the mainland of South America, the eastern part of the island of Tierra del Fuego and the nearby islands of Estados. The length of Argentina from North to South is about 3800 km. and about 1400 km. from west to east. In the south and west, Argentina borders with Chile, in the north – with Bolivia and Paraguay, in the northeast and east – with Brazil and Uruguay. The southeastern border of Argentina is delineated by the Atlantic Ocean, and its border with Chile in the West and Southwest is determined by the Andes. Z zones: mountainous west, and extensive north and east, mainly of flat character, stepped plateaus of Patagonia in the south. The western border runs completely through the Andes. The Patagonian Andes do not exceed 3600 m. In the north, the border with Bolivia and part of the border with Chile passes through the main Andes ridge. Continue reading
CLIMATE AND WEATHER
Four types of climate prevail in France. A temperate maritime climate prevails in the west of the country, off the coast, where it is mild in winter (7 degrees Celsius in January) and cool in summer (16 degrees Celsius in July), and rainfall is often (800 mm / 32 inches) for 180 days a year. In the middle latitudes, the continental climate prevails in the interior of the country, with hot summers (average July temperature 18 degrees Celsius in Paris) and harsher winters (average January temperature 2 degrees Celsius in Paris), and precipitation falls on fewer days in a year .
The mountain climate prevails at high elevations, where the temperature affects mainly at altitude, and in winter it is sharply cold and long. Continue reading