Portugal is the westernmost state in continental Eurasia. Located in the southwestern part of the Iberian Peninsula. On land, it borders only with Spain. Portugal is also governed by the Azores and Madeira, which occupy an important strategic position in the west of the Strait of Gibraltar. The largest and most important city in Portugal is Lisbon (2.1 million inhabitants with suburbs, 1996). It is the capital and main port of the country. Porto is the main city of the North, the second most populous country in the country (302.5 thousand in 1991; about 1.2 million people in the entire agglomeration). Porto, located on the right bank of the Douro River, the former capital of Portugal and the country’s largest port, is famous for its port. On the opposite bank of the Douro River is the city of Vila Nova di Gaya (31.5 thousand inhabitants in 1991), where many wine company warehouses are concentrated. Continue reading
One of the most interesting, mysterious and at the same time the tiniest places on earth is the Vatican city-state.
A dwarf enclave within Rome, associated with Italy. The status of the Vatican in international law is an auxiliary sovereign territory of the Holy See, the residence of the highest spiritual leadership of the Roman Catholic Church. Like Rome, the Vatican is geographically located in the Lazio region, it is the west of the central part of the Apennine Peninsula. It is 20 km from the coast of the Tyrrhenian Sea, several hundred meters from the right bank of the Tiber.
The capital of the Vatican is the Vatican itself. Everything is arranged here, on the one hand it is incredibly simple and on the other hand, everything is very complicated. The resident population of the Vatican is predominantly male, although two orders of nuns reside in the Vatican. The minority is the senior Catholic clergy; the remainder are members of religious orders. Many workers and staff at the Vatican Embassy live outside its walls. One hundred percent of the population of this small country are Catholics. Continue reading
Argentina occupies the southeastern part of the mainland of South America, the eastern part of the island of Tierra del Fuego and the nearby islands of Estados. The length of Argentina from North to South is about 3800 km. and about 1400 km. from west to east. In the south and west, Argentina borders with Chile, in the north – with Bolivia and Paraguay, in the northeast and east – with Brazil and Uruguay. The southeastern border of Argentina is delineated by the Atlantic Ocean, and its border with Chile in the West and Southwest is determined by the Andes. Z zones: mountainous west, and extensive north and east, mainly of flat character, stepped plateaus of Patagonia in the south. The western border runs completely through the Andes. The Patagonian Andes do not exceed 3600 m. In the north, the border with Bolivia and part of the border with Chile passes through the main Andes ridge. Continue reading